Chilblains, also known as pernio, is a medical condition that affects the small blood vessels in the skin. It is characterized by redness, itching, and burning sensations in the affected areas, typically on the toes, fingers, ears and nose. Chilblains are caused by exposure to cold temperatures and humidity.
Symptoms of chilblains usually appear within a few hours of exposure to cold temperatures. The affected areas of skin may turn red or purple, and may feel itchy or burn. In severe cases, blisters or ulcers may form. Symptoms usually resolve within a few days to a week, but in some cases, they may last for several weeks.
To prevent chilblains, it is important to take steps to protect your skin from cold temperatures and humidity. This includes wearing warm, waterproof clothing and shoes, and keeping your feet and hands warm. It is also important to avoid rapid changes in temperature, such as going from a warm room to a cold outdoor environment.
Treatment for chilblains typically involves relieving the symptoms. This can be done by keeping the affected areas warm, avoiding exposure to cold temperatures and humidity, and using over-the-counter creams or ointments to relieve itching and burning sensations. In some cases, a prescription medication may be necessary.
If you are experiencing symptoms of chilblains, it is important to seek treatment as soon as possible. At Tievsky Podiatry, located in Fair Lawn, New Jersey, we can provide you with a proper diagnosis and treatment plan to help alleviate your symptoms and prevent them from recurring. Our experienced podiatrist will also advise you on how to keep your feet and hands warm during the cold weather and monitor your condition to make sure it doesn’t progress.
It’s also worth noting that chilblains can be a symptom of an underlying medical condition such as Raynaud’s disease, lupus or rheumatoid arthritis and if you have other symptoms or a family history of these conditions you should seek medical advice as soon as possible.
In conclusion, Chilblains can be a painful and uncomfortable condition caused by exposure to cold temperatures and humidity. By taking steps to protect your skin, seeking treatment early, and following the advice of a podiatrist, you can reduce your risk of developing chilblains and alleviate your symptoms.