A callus is a thick build-up of dead skin cells on the skin’s surface that may look like scales, hard patches, or bumps. They can be caused by friction from activities such as rubbing your hands together, running, or cycling and are a natural response to repeated pressure. They usually affect the palms of the hands and feet, although they can also occur on elbows, knees, ankles, and other areas. Calluses are a different condition to corns (also caused by pressure), as they mainly affect hands and feet.
This article will look into the issue of foot calluses. A foot callus, also known as a heel callus or plantar callus, is a build-up of thickened skin on the bottom of your foot. The cause of this build-up is friction for the most part. Foot calluses are the most common dense skin disorder in the human body, affecting up to 95% of adults by the time they reach the age of 40. Most people will develop some degree of foot callus over time, although some will avoid getting any form at all. Extra layers of skin can add to the thickness of a callus.
For those who have fallen victim to the world of foot calluses and their painful effects, this article will provide some helpful tips on how to care for your feet. Firstly, prevention is always better than cure, so knowing the causes of a foot callus can help you take measures to avoid developing one in the first place. Friction and pressure have already been highlighted as the leading causes of foot callus; you need to take some preventive measures to reduce the chance of developing one.
Keep an Eye on Your Shoes
The most obvious solution is to reduce friction on your feet by putting slippers on when walking around and avoiding shoes with stiff soles or heels. This is the first port of call for those with a foot callus, but it may be challenging to stop wearing shoes altogether. Don’t be afraid to experiment with different pairs of shoes, as slippers will only go so far. Do not wear shoes that are too narrow either, as this will only make the feet more susceptible to friction, as they are prevented from stretching and flexing naturally.
Too loose footwear can cause your feet to rub against your shoes, which can cause friction and lead to a foot callus. Shoes that do not have a balanced fit between the toes and heel are also a potential problem. Avoid wearing shoes that are too wide or too tight, as any form of friction is to be avoided in the first place. High heels have been known to cause foot calluses, especially for women.
Another point to consider is the material that your shoes are made from. The material that the shoe is made of can have a significant impact on how it affects your feet. Leather shoes, for example, are known to cause heel calluses if worn for a long time. Some people may also find that walking barefoot is the best option for their feet, reducing friction and preventing any calluses from forming.
Soak your feet in warm water for 10 minutes, then gently rub the rough areas with a pumice stone. It is ideal for those suffering from a more severe foot callus as it can delicately smooth out your skin and remove any dead, hardened skin.
Using a pumice stone is the best example of home treatment for a foot callus. The stone helps remove the grimy and dead skin cells from the skin on your feet, allowing it to return to its natural state.
When to See a doctor
Some people may find removing the dead skin by themselves an unbearable task, especially for those with a severe form of callus. Seeing a doctor can be an effective way to rid your feet of stubborn build-up.
When visiting a doctor for a foot callus, you must seek the help of someone with experience and knowledge of the condition.